There are many regional and national crime stoppers organizations in Canada that work to facilitate investigations through active cooperation between the police authorities, media, and the public. More than 100 organizations work on the territory of Canada.
This non-profit organization receives information and reports by citizens about potential crimes and crimes committed. Citizens make anonymous reports and receive cash rewards for providing information that aids the investigation and results in an arrest. The organization liaises with the media and police authorities and focuses on different types of crime, including human and drug trafficking and arson.
This non-profit society is based in Metro Vancouver and receives anonymous reports by citizens. They are offered rewards in case that the information they provide results in an arrest, pressing charges against a suspect, and the seizure of drugs, illegal weapons, or property that have been misappropriated. The organization receives donations from sponsors such as the Landcor Data Corporation, BC Hydro Power Start, Cactus Club Café, Royal Bank of Canada, and many others. It also runs multiple programs such as the Elder Abuse Awareness Program, First Nations Program, and School Program.
This is also a regional cooperative program that encourages anonymous reports by citizens, and they are offered cash rewards for information that results in charges being pressed. The organization receives donations from retailers, professional associations, clubs, corporations, and community members. Major sponsors are the Calgary Police Service, Pattison, and Sait Polytechnic. The organization offers information about unsolved crimes, including auto theft, abduction, robbery, break and enter, sexual assault, hate crime assault, and others. Calgary Crime Stoppers also features video re-enactments, statistics, and trends as well as information about copper theft and common scams. The Calgary’s Wanted section features information about perpetrators, including warrant in effect, crime committed, description, age, and name.
This organization also works to solve crime cases that appear in media, including social media, newspapers, radio, and television. Cash rewards in the amount of up to $2,000 are offered to citizens who provide information that leads to an arrest and/or seizure. All reports are anonymous. The organization partners with companies such as Michael Communications RP Group, Mac’s Convenience Stores, and Insurance Brokers of Toronto Region. Toronto Crime Stoppers features a Wanted Persons list with information such as details of investigation, crime committed, weight and height, and name. Warrants have been issued for criminals who committed crimes such as disguise with intent, robbery, homicide, failure to comply, police impersonation, sexual assault.
This is another community based program that works to prevent and solve crime cases. Individuals receive cash rewards for tips that result in narcotics and property seizures and arrests. Reports can be submitted online 24/7 or by calling a secure line. Tips are anonymous meaning that they are not traced or recorded. The organization helped clear thousands of cases, including crimes such as theft, attempted homicide, break and entry, and vehicle theft. Some 5,900 persons have been pressed charges against to date. Campaigns and special events are organized to raise funding. The program relies on donations and financing from different sources, including Board members, civic groups, clubs, businesses, citizens, the Winnipeg Chamber of Commerce. www.Lifeoncredit.ca can help you find useful financial information.
Cannabis legalization will help fight the underground drug business but many worry that this will also result in crimes under the influence like Canadians driving high.
Under the Cannabis Act, youth and children under the age of 18 are not allowed to grow, buy, share, or posses cannabis. There are strict regulations with regard to promotion, production practices, serving sizes, labeling and packaging, and types of products. The goal is to ensure better control over production, distribution, and sale. Another benefit is that legalization will help boost Canada’s economy by adding some $8 billion. Obviously, the economy will benefit from taxation given that cannabis is subject to tax. Revenue will be shared between the territorial and provincial governments (75 percent) and federal government (25 percent). In addition to the excise tax, the sale of marijuana is subject to provincial and federal sales taxes. When it comes to spending, report by Statistics Canada shows that during the last quarter of 2018, spending is expected to amount to up to $1 billion. The value of residential properties that are found close to marijuana shops may also increase. This already happened in Denver, Colorado where the average price increased by about $27,000. Real estate businesses will also benefit from legalization because of the growing demand for premises to open marijuana shops. It will also create more jobs, for example, for salespersons in marijuana stores. An added benefit is the fact that the grey market and underground drug business will be hit. The authorities expect that illegal shops will either close doors or apply for a retail license. At the same time, in October 2018, there was only one licensed shop in British Columbia, and this offers unlicensed businesses plenty of opportunities to operate and profit. Obtaining a license is a long process even for retailers that are eager to legalize their business. It can take several months before a license has been granted. And while it may take some time to experience the positive effect of legalization, under existing legislation, the authorities have the right to enter into shops, impose fines, and seize illegal drugs. Finally, small towns and communities in remote locations will also benefit as cannabis farming will open jobs and result in additional revenues. This is especially true for communities with defunct fisheries and businesses closing down.
While there are plenty of benefits for local communities, businesses, and the Canadian economy, some worry that cannabis legalization will result in an increase in the number of crimes such as Canadians driving high. However, research studies do not confirm this. One study by R. Andrew Sewell et al. found that marijuana smokers handle more complex tasks better than persons driving under the influence of alcohol. The reason is that they use various behavioral strategies as compensatory mechanisms. At the same time, persons driving under the influence of both cannabis and alcohol are at a greater risk of causing road accidents. This is one reason to question whether legalization will help increase the number of crimes under the influence. What is more, reports published south of the border show an increase in auto accidents. The Insurance Institute for High Safety, for example, released a report which shows that states such as Oregon, Washington, and Colorado have 5.2 percent more auto accidents compared to states in which marijuana is illegal. A third study by Jayson D. Aydelotte et al., published in AJPH, reveals that legalization can actually result in an increase of auto incidents but these accidents are minor rather than fatal. Federal research also confirms the finding that while cannabis can increase the risk of auto accidents, the risk of crash is significantly higher while driving under the influence of alcohol. This is true even for moderate alcohol consumption.